How can we control plant pests and diseases?
The best method of pest and disease control is early detection. When growers can identify what is infesting their plants quickly, they can stop the spread in their garden by utilizing the right product for the pest or disease.
How do I keep bugs off my plants?
Identifying which insect is present on your plants is step one in eradicating them. The most common pests for indoor gardens are:
Aphids- gray, black, or green bugs that harm your plants by sucking the juices from leaves, turning them yellow. They can easily be seen on the plant, commonly along the stems.
Spider Mites- These tiny arachnids have oval bodies, and harm plants by piercing and sucking on plants, causing visible punctures. This results in fluid loss and can eventually cause death of plants if left uncorrected. They are often found underneath leaves, and these pests spread incredibly fast, so early detection is key.
Fungus Gnats- These small, black insects have lanky legs and clear wings. Their larvae consume your plants roots, slowing or halting growth altogether.
Whiteflies- These resemble tiny, white moths and cause effects very similar to spider mites, sucking juices from the leaves, leaving white spots and yellowing. These pests also contribute to mold development.
What are the common diseases of plants?
Mildew- Caused by a fungus, this will cause leaves to turn a pale-yellow and may appear as a fuzzy, white abrasion mainly on the underside of leaves. It can also appear as a white powdery substance, causing stunted growth.
Mold- Typically starting out as spots on the leaves of a plant, it turns into fuzzy, gray abrasions and eventually, brown and mushy. Mold can also look as if someone put wet baking soda on the plant. Leaves will wilt and appear tattered and bleached.
Root Rot- This disease is caused by excess water and soil-borne pathogens. This causes a stunt in plant growth, a wilting in leaves, and mushy roots.
Once you have a good idea which disease is present, applying the right fungicide should alleviate the problem. However, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, and thus maintaining optimal temperature and moisture levels can prevent problems altogether.
If you have any questions regarding pests and diseases, check out our full article on insecticides and fungicides, or give our experienced growers a call today at 888-815-9763 and let us help you diagnose the issue!